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Pebre is a Chilean sauce made with cilantro, chopped onion, olive oil, garlic, chile peppers as well as chopped tomatoes. Similar to salsa, this Pebre recipe adds a nice bite to your meals.
Table of contents
What is Chilean Pebre?
Chilean pebre is a spicy condiment you’ll find on virtually all tables in Chile. One of the unique characteristics of pebre is the infinite number of variations that exist.
Each restaurant or Chilean home has their own unique version where ingredients are swapped and proportions vary.
The basic ingredients for pebre are cilantro, chopped onion, olive oil, garlic and chile peppers.
When fresh chopped tomatoes are added, it turns the Pebre into a Chilean Salsa. Known as Chancho en Piedra, it translates to “Pig on a Rock.”
For Pebre pronunciation, it is similar to the word “paper”, and pronounced (peh-breh).
READ MORE: 10 Popular Chilean Dishes Worth Trying
Is Pebre the Same as Mexican Pico De Gallo?
Mexican pico de gallo salsa is very similar to pebre. Pico de gallo accompanies many Mexican dishes like tacos of cochinita pibil, quesadillas. It is made with onion, tomato, and jalapeño and the colors correspond with the Mexican flag.
Pebre in Chile or more precisely Chancho en Piedra has similar ingredients, with the addition of garlic and the use of aji peppers. In Chile, it is mostly served with bread at restaurants or as a condiment for meat.
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How to Use Chilean Pebre at Home
In Chile, Pebre is used on practically everything, and most commonly with bread. We had it most often with traditional warm bread called pan amasado.
Pebre is also used on grilled meat, fish or chicken or with empanadas. The use of pebre is as common as pico de gallo in Mexico or chimichurri sauce in Argentina.
Try it at home with potatoes, to accompany meat or serve it on a hunk of fresh-baked bread.
Authentic Food Quest Tip: One delicious meal you can easily make at home, is to pair sea bass with pebre. See our simple recipe for pan seared sea bass with Chilean pebre sauce.
Discovering Pebre in Chile
It was love at first bite. Every restaurant we went to in Chile always served pebre. This was brought out as an appetizer accompanied by bread. We always looked forward to this starter, which came at no additional charge.
Part of the fun was tasting all the unique variations at each place. Not to mention, having something fresh and flavorful to munch on while waiting for our main dish.
For a dish that is used throughout Chile, we were surprised to learn that the origins of pebre lie in Spain. Apparently, in the 18th century, engineers and masons from Catalonia, Spain came to Chile to work on the Mapocho River.
At the time, the city of Santiago suffered from periodic flooding from the river which sometimes devastated entire neighborhoods. To put an end, the Catalan engineers and masons started building the tajamares, a brick wall to contain the floods.
Under the supervision of Italian architect Joaquin Toesca, they also built fluvial channels, river walls, and bridges for the river.
The history of pebre is attributed to the simple sauce the Catalan workers would prepare. This sauce, that they called pebre, which means pepper had cilantro, oil, vinegar and salt, and Chilean ají pepper.
Pebre Recipe Variations
For this recipe, we will add tomatoes and make one of the most popular variations of pebre, known as chancho en piedra or Chilean salsa.
Like in Chile, have fun making this delicious and simple pebre recipe. Your texture can range from chunky to more sauce-like, depending on how finely you chop up the ingredients.
You can also adapt the flavor profile, but adding more or less cilantro or chilis according to your tastes. There is no “right or wrong” way to make pebre.
Just remember, Chilean tradition suggests that pebre can be served with almost anything. Make enough to use with meats, fish or chicken, accompany vegetable dishes or use a dip.
- 2 large ripe tomatoes
- 1 jalapeño pepper (Can be substituted with aji peppers or poblano pepper)
- 1 medium onion
- 1/4 cup chopped fresh cilantro leaves
- 1 cloves of garlic, minced
- 2 tablespoon of Chilean olive oil
- 1 tablespoon of red wine vinegar
- Add salt to taste
- Add a pinch of black pepper or more to flavor
- Peel tomatoes and chop them finely.
- To peel tomatoes, cut an “x” on the top of the tomato (opposite the core). Place in boiling water for 25 - 45 seconds or until the skin starts to loosen up. Remove the tomatoes using a slotted spoon and plunge them into cold water. Once cool to the touch, remove the skin using a paring knife and chop.
- Remove the seeds and chop up the pepper
- Chop the onion and cilantro
- Place all of the chopped ingredients in a bowl
- Add mashed or chopped up garlic
- Finally, add the mixture of Chilean olive oil, red wine vinegar, salt and pepper to taste
- The chancho en piedra and pebre are typically served in traditional clay bowls
- Serve at room temperature and enjoy.
Have fun with your pebre recipe. Some versions use tomatoes, others don’t. Some use chopped chilis, others use chili paste. Some use onions, others use scallions. If you don’t like something, change it up and make your own version of pebre!
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Nutrition Information:Yield: 4 Serving Size: 1
Amount Per Serving: Calories: 91Total Fat: 7gSaturated Fat: 1gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 6gCholesterol: 0mgSodium: 153mgCarbohydrates: 7gFiber: 2gSugar: 4gProtein: 1g
Nutritional information is provided as a courtesy and is an estimate only. This information is generated by an online API and makes calculations based on serving sizes. These figures are only estimates and results may vary.
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Rosemary is a writer, culinary explorer, and digital nomad. Together with her partner, Claire, they created Authentic Food Quest to help people find the best local food on their travels. For over 5 years they have eaten their way through South America, Southeast Asia, Europe, and North America while sharing the best local food experiences on their website. Authentic Food Quest has been featured on top publications such as Huffington Post, Business Insider, and Honest Cooking. Rosemary and Claire are also authors of Authentic Food Quest Argentina and Authentic Food Quest Peru, available on Amazon. Prior to creating Authentic Food Quest, Rosemary worked as a strategy director in advertising for over 15 years.